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Mackinzie Ledgerwood (5) was helping her dad, Brock Ledgerwood, check on a cow out in the wheat stubble on Ledgerwood Farms in Pomeroy, Wash.
Photo by Brock Ledgerwood

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POLICY

Looking for solutions 60 years in the past

Is now the time for the federal government to finish the Columbia Basin Project?

June 2018
By Trista Crossley


From the very beginning, concerns about the cost of surface water have dogged the Odessa Groundwater Replacement Project and sent invested parties scrambling for funding alternatives. One group of farmers think they’ve found a viable lead by going back more than 60 years—asking the federal government to finish the Columbia Basin Project.

In 1943, Congress authorized the Columbia Basin Project (CBP), which was intended to use Columbia River water to irrigate 1.1 million acres of cropland in central Washington. To date, only 671,000 acres have access to that water with the rest of it relying on deep-water wells that tap the Odessa Aquifer. That aquifer is now running dry, threatening not only irrigated cropland, but towns and residents who rely on it for drinking water. The Odessa Groundwater Replacement Project (OGWRP) hopes to move more than 87,000 acres off those wells to relieve the pressure (see related article on page 22), but there are fears that the project will be too expensive to meet its goal. See more


POLICY

State funnels funds to irrigation project

Capital budget included $15 million for Odessa Groundwater Replacement Project

June 2018
By Trista Crossley

When the state legislature passed last year’s capital budget in January of this year, it included a $15 million funding boost for the Odessa Groundwater Replacement Project (OGWRP).

The funding will be split, with $5 million earmarked for increased delivery capacity in the first distribution system slated for construction, the 47.5. The other $10 million will be used to continue East Low Canal expansion work, specifically the two Kansas Prairie siphons, said Mike Schwisow, director of government relations for the Columbia Basin Development League, a nonprofit group that advocates for development of the Columbia Basin Project. See more


FARMER'S TOOLBOX

AMMO: Putting nitrogen management in the spotlight

AMMO session focuses on inputs to influence yield, protein

May 2018
By Trista Crossley


At the last Agricultural Marketing and Management (AMMO) winter workshop of 2018, Dr. Romulo Lollato, Extension wheat and forages specialist and assistant professor from Kansas State University (KSU), tackled nitrogen management and explored current research on intensive wheat management.

Because wheat kernels are 60 to 70 percent starch and only 8 to 15 percent protein, yield is mostly a function of starch, while nitrogen availability impacts protein. Lollato explained that the more starch a kernel has, the less percent protein and vice versa. Protein starts to accumulate in the kernel about 10 days after flowering with significant starch accumulation beginning a few days later. About 20 days from flowering, the kernels have nearly half of their protein (see slide 1). Conditions late in the grain-filling period, such as drought or heat stress, can impact starch accumulation and therefore the ratio of protein to starch. See more


POLICY

Ecology settles Hangman Creek lawsuit

Agreement likely to bring extra scrutiny to Spokane County growers

May 2018
By Trista Crossley


A recent agreement between the Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology) and the Spokane Riverkeeper will likely bring a renewed focus on agriculture as a source of nonpoint pollution in the Hangman Creek Watershed in southern Spokane County.

The agreement settles a lawsuit brought by the Spokane Riverkeeper in 2015 that claimed Ecology wasn’t doing enough to clean up the Hangman Creek Watershed fast enough. In 2009, Ecology published a report setting total maximum daily loads for the watershed to bring it into compliance with the state’s water quality standards. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) signed off on the report and Ecology’s plan to address the watershed’s problems. The lawsuit claimed that Ecology couldn’t provide reasonable assurances that it could meet the standard in the clean-up plan.

“There’s certainly been some work done in the watershed,” said Chad Atkins, Ecology’s acting watershed unit supervisor for the Hangman Creek Watershed. “But some of that work takes a long time to see in terms of water quality benefits in-stream. It takes time for trees to grow; vegetation to get established; and some tillage practice improvements to show up in the water column. It’s also fair to say that progress has been slow to date. This provides an opportunity to work with our partners and make some additional progress.” See more


POLICY

AMMO: Counting on crop insurance

Ag economist Art Barnaby emphasizes importance of harvest price option

April 2018
By Trista Crossley


While Dr. Art Barnaby, an ag economist from Kansas State University, addressed a wide variety of topics related to crop insurance at the second of 2018’s Agricultural Marketing and Management seminars, it was the potential impact of losing the harvest price option (HPO) that he wanted to drive home.

“If that option is taken out of insurance, it affects this part of the country because they are settling their claims based off Portland prices, and you can’t effectively do that with hedging on the board. There’s not enough of a relationship between those two numbers,” he said in an interview after his presentation. “These guys are farmers, and they are all well aware of how these things work, so it’s a pretty easy group to explain to why the harvest price option is important to them. I wish it were that easy to explain to the policymakers who are talking about removing it.” See more


MARKETING

FROM FIELD TO FLOUR

April 2018
By Michelle Hennings, WAWG Executive Director


I’ve been working with the Washington Association of Wheat Growers (WAWG) for 14 years now, and I’ve seen the importance of not only educating consumers and policymakers, but our own industry as well. For many growers, wheat’s story ends at the local elevator, but there’s a much larger picture that all farmers should be aware of. I see a disconnect between the people who are growing wheat and the people and countries who are buying and using it, especially those farmers who aren’t actively engaged in our wheat organizations. In today’s uncertain climate of trade disputes and attacks on agriculture, I think it is more important than ever to appreciate the whole story, from field to flour as it were.

In January, I was given that opportunity by the Washington Grain Commission (WGC) and invited on a trip to the Philippines and Japan. Advocacy is the foundation of WAWG, so I was excited to see firsthand how our customers view the U.S. wheat industry and bring that information back to our growers and policymakers. I was also excited to experience the work U.S. Wheat Associates (USW) does and see how the WGC puts growers’ assessments to use promoting and supporting our industry. See more


FARMER'S TOOLBOX

Keeping the dust down

Pilot program encourages alternative tillage methods for former CRP land

March 2018
By Trista Crossley


For years, farmers have been able to protect erosion-prone lands by enrolling them in the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP). But now, thanks to a CRP enrollment cap, some of the most fragile soils in Eastern Washington are in danger of blowing away. A new pilot program in Benton, Franklin and Klickitat counties is hoping to help farmers keep that soil on the ground instead of in the air.

“In the past few years, we’ve had major dust storms that have overwhelmed the controls that are already in place,” said Brook Beeler, Eastern Washington communications director for the Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology). “We are concerned that if the lands come out of CRP and go back to conventional tilling, it could make the problem worse in the future.” See more


MARKETING

AMMO: Marketing at three speeds

Ag economist Dan Manternach discusses his approach to selling wheat

March 2018
By Trista Crossley


The Agricultural Marketing and Management Organization’s 2018 schedule kicked off in high gear last month with ag economist Dan Manternach speaking in front of a packed house. Manternach reviewed current wheat markets, previewed the 2018 growing season under three different weather scenarios and showed producers a three-speed approach to marketing.

“The main takeaway is that it is very, very important to have a marketing plan that is flexible and where you can shift gears, because this early in the season, nobody knows what kind of weather we are going to have,” he explained in an interview after his presentation. “Everybody always tells farmers you want an average price in the top third of the price range for the year. Well, any farmer that knows farm-boy math can figure out what the thirds are if you tell them what the range is going to be. That’s the hard part because that range is a moving target. It keeps shifting around with Mother Nature.” See more


FARMER'S TOOLBOX

Searching for a cure

Health insurance, or lack thereof, drives a myriad of farm decisions

February 2018
By Sue Lani Madsen


Insurance is vital to every farmer’s risk management strategy. And a U.S. Department of Agriculture-funded survey of farmers and ranchers found it’s not just crop insurance that counts. Health insurance is key to a viable ag economy, with significant impacts on succession and retirement planning.

A sample of 1,062 farmers and ranchers in 10 states, including Washington, were surveyed in 2016-17 as part of a study titled “Health Insurance, Rural Economic Development and Agriculture” by HIREDnAg. Seventy-three percent of farmers reported that health insurance is an important or very important risk management strategy.

The HIREDnAg research team included university extension faculty and staff across the nation, led by Shoshanah Inwood, Department of Community Development and Applied Economics at the University of Vermont. “We had farmers on phone interviews thanking us for finally asking the questions,” said Inwood. “They are highly cognizant of how important health insurance and their health is to their operation.” See more


POLICY

Taking the helm

New FSA state executive director brings passion for agriculture to the job

February 2018
By Trista Crossley

Brian Dansel has had a lot of titles in the past eight years: Ferry County commissioner, state senator, special assistant to the U.S. secretary of agriculture. In November 2017, he added one more: state executive director for the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) Farm Service Agency (FSA).

Dansel grew up in Republic, Wash., where he still lives with his wife and son. His first foray into public service, prompted by a property rights issue, happened in 2010 when he was elected as a Ferry County commissioner.

“I got into public service because I did not like the Growth Management Act, and I wanted to make some changes,” he explained. “I never felt really super political. I was a more of a mind-my-own-business type of person, but when other people stuck their nose in my business, then it was time to get involved.”

Dansel moved on to the state legislature in 2013, becoming a senator for the 7th District. While in the Senate, he was an advocate of agriculture, serving on both the Senate Natural Resources Committee and the Senate Agriculture Committee. In January 2017, Dansel resigned his Senate seat to take a position as a special assistant to the U.S. Secretary of Agriculture as part of the Trump Administration’s initial “beachhead” team. He said he spent much of his time in Washington, D.C., focusing on rural infrastructure. See more


POLICY

Drowning in water issues

Convention breakout session puts Snake River dams, other water concerns in spotlight

January 2018
By Trista Crossley


While breakout sessions at the annual grain growers convention cover a myriad of topics, farmers can usually count on at least one session being focused on water. This year, the 2017 Tri-State Grain Growers Convention in November put the Snake River dams at the center of that current.

Todd Myers, director for the Washington Policy Center’s Center for the Environment, gave a breakout session titled, “Dams and Wells: The Future of Water and Farmers.” As Myers said, breaching the Snake River dams is a topic that never goes away. A 2016 federal court ruling directed the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps) to look at scenarios to protect salmon and steelhead, including tearing down four dams on the lower Snake River, despite the fact that fish counts are slowly increasing.

While some irrigation and flood control is provided by the dams, they are used mostly for navigation and to generate electricity. Myers said that most parties recognize there are economic problems involved in tearing down the dams. See more


POLICY

Weed concerns

A year after leases terminated, Benton County DNR land is sitting idle

December 2017
By Trista Crossley

In the year since several Benton County farmers had their leases terminated early by the Washington State Department of Natural Resources (DNR), little progress has been made in turning the land to a “higher and better use.”

According to Katie Mink, assistant region manager for DNR’s southeast region, the project was put out for auction in April of this year, but received no qualified bids. DNR has been reaching out to parties who had expressed interest in the project but didn’t submit a bid in an effort to understand those parties’ concerns. In most cases, Mink said, the cost of the project was the primary obstacle. DNR estimates that the cost for installing the pipeline and related on-farm infrastructure to be upwards of $17 million.

“We are in conversations with a few parties who have expressed interest in working with us to make this project happen in a manner that is beneficial to both them and the school trust,” Mink said.

At this time, DNR hasn’t set another auction date. See more


POLICY

A harvest of a different sort

November 2017
By Trista Crossley


Mike Poulson is a familiar face in Eastern Washington agricultural circles, but the crops he harvests don’t come from seeds. Instead, Poulson gathers information, passing the concerns and worries of farmers to his boss, Rep. Cathy McMorris Rodgers (R-Wash.).

Poulson, the agriculture and natural resource policy director for McMorris Rodgers, hasn’t always been in the business of politics. His father, a veteran, moved the family to a Columbia Basin farm when Poulson was 14, and he grew up like every farm kid, helping out before and after school. He attended Washington State University before returning to the farm full time.

“My second grade teacher thought I should be in math or physics,” Poulson recalled. “I told her I wanted to be a farmer, and that never changed. When you grow up on a farm and your dad farms, then there’s a strong likelihood you’ll end up farming. I’ve heard people say that farming is a way of life, and I guess that’s true.” See more


POLICY

Different sides, same struggles

Tour gets legislators out of Olympia and onto the farm

November 2017
By Trista Crossley


There aren’t many places in Eastern Washington that can compare to the climate (30” to 35” of rain) and the range of crops (80 different ones) that are grown in the Skagit Valley, but the struggles farmers face are the same on both sides of the state.

In September, the Washington Association of Wheat Growers (WAWG) participated in a legislative ag tour that brought elected officials and aides out of their offices and onto the farm to help them understand the real-world impacts of legislation. A team of WAWG officers and staff participated in the tour along with representatives from the potato, shellfish, dairy and wine industries; Washington Friends of Farms and Forests (WFFF); and the Western Washington Agricultural Association, among others. Despite a long day that began with a 5 a.m. flight, the WAWG representatives returned home having found solid common ground with western Washington farmers.

“When I look around the state, we grow different crops and our farming practices are different, but the frustrations and issues we face are similar,” said WAWG Vice President Marci Green. See more


FARMER'S TOOLBOX

West meets East in combine seat

October 2017
By Trista Crossley


Learning about wheat harvest in a classroom is much different than experiencing it from the field. Just ask Chris Cocklin-Ray, a fifth-grade teacher from Mercer Island, Wash.

Cocklin-Ray and her husband, Tom, spent part of their Labor Day weekend in Eastern Washington, riding shotgun with Washington Association of Wheat Growers’ Past President Kevin Klein as he harvested spring wheat at his family’s farm in Edwall. Cocklin-Ray’s classroom has been participating in the Franklin Conservation District’s popular Wheat Week program in which educators use a series of lessons to teach fourth- and fifth-graders about water, soil, watersheds, energy and wheat. Every year, the program reaches more than 25,000 students, many of them on the west side of the state. Wheat Week is primarily funded by the Washington Grain Commission. See more


FARMER'S TOOLBOX

SAFETY FIRST

Understanding the rules and regulations governing utility vehicles on the farm

October 2017
By Trista Crossley


These days, all terrain vehicles (ATVs) and utility task vehicles (UTVs), including rangers and other side-by-side vehicles, are as common on farms as tractors are. They can also be just as dangerous.

According to the Washington State Department of Labor and Industry (L&I), there have been five Washington agricultural fatalities involving ATVs and UTVs since 2008. Jesus Valdovinos, an L&I safety and health specialist in Moses Lake, said the use of these types of vehicles has increased as the cost of doing business has gone up since they are often cheaper to purchase and maintain than a pickup truck. While most of the rules and regulations governing the use of ATVs and UTVs are common sense, there is one over-riding principle when it comes to how L&I investigates and issues citations in industrial accidents: what does the manufacturer recommend in the operator’s manual? See more


FARMER'S TOOLBOX

2017's harvest in photos

Harvest 2017 is in the books, but while it was happening, Wheat Life staff were out and about taking pictures. We featured some pictures in our October 2017 issue, but here's some of the ones we couldn't fit in the magazine.



See more photos from the 2017 harvest in Eastern Washington.


POLICY

Under cover

RMA adds triticale, uninsured third-party damage to crop insurance

August/September 2017
By Trista Crossley


The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Risk Management Agency (RMA) has rolled out two new types of coverage for the 2018 crop year that will have some farmers sighing in relief: coverage for triticale and relief from uninsured, third-party damage.

Triticale

Sales closing date for fall- and spring-planted triticale for the 2018 crop year is Sept. 30. The new coverage is a result of a private development under the Federal Crop Insurance Act’s 508(h) process and is available in select counties in seven states across the nation. In Washington state, coverage is available in Adams, Asotin, Benton, Columbia, Douglas, Franklin, Garfield, Grant, Klickitat, Lincoln, Okanogan, Skagit, Spokane, Walla Walla, Whitman and Yakima counties. Counties not currently covered will not be eligible to be covered under written agreement, said Ben Thiel, director of RMA’s Spokane Regional Office, which covers Alaska, Idaho, Oregon and Washington. See more


FARMER'S TOOLBOX

Little indication of a falling numbers repeat in 2017

August/September 2017
By Trista Crossley


Update: With harvest more than halfway over—and completely done in the southern part of Eastern Washington—there have been no reports of widespread low falling numbers, and many elevators have suspended testing for the quality problem.

As the 2017 Washington wheat harvest hits its stride this month, there will be more than a few anxious moments as the industry waits to see if bad luck is going to strike twice.

Last year’s wheat harvest was notable not only for its near-record size, but for being plagued by low falling numbers that hit more than 40 percent of tested wheat and cost Pacific Northwest wheat growers more than $30 million in discounts. The main culprit was likely multiple, large temperature fluctuations in June. Those sudden swings started an enzymatic process called late maturity alpha-amylase (LMA), which causes starch degradation. Most overseas buyers will only accept wheat with a falling number score of 300 or higher. That number represents the amount of time it takes a plunger to drop through a flour/water slurry. Some of the problems with low falling number were also caused by rains in July triggering preharvest sprouting, the initiation of germination in mature grain that hasn’t been harvested yet. See more


FARMER'S TOOLBOX

Ag mets STEM at Almira Elementary School

July 2017
By Trista Crossley


Anybody involved in agriculture knows it is a highly technical field, so it will come as no surprise that the industry is fertile ground for STEM education.

STEM is a curriculum based on the idea of educating students in four specific areas—science, technology, engineering and mathematics—and focuses on an interdisciplinary, applied approach. Susan Douglas, the kindergarten through fifth-grade math and science teacher at Almira Elementary School in Almira, Wash., wanted a way to show students how this knowledge could be used in real life. She found the answer just about as close to home as was possible—Douglas and her husband are also wheat farmers.

“I think of all the different things my husband has to do to do his job,” she said, pointing out that to farm successfully, farmers—and the people and industries that support them—draw on a wealth of technical knowledge, most of which is based in STEM. “I can’t think of a more perfect match than agriculture. These students sit in the midst of a constant experiment. Farming is an experiment. Everything is always changing, such as the weather. And then there’s the application. How do we interact with our natural resources to reduce our impact and make things better? Farmers are doing that all the time.” See more


POLICY

Changes proposed for pesticide rules

WSDA hoping to consolidate and simplify some regulations

June 2017
By Trista Crossley

Editor’s note: Throughout this article, we use the term “pesticide” to include herbicides.


Although proposed changes to the state’s use-restricted pesticide rules will be available for public comment later this summer, the overall goal of consolidating and simplifying the state’s use-restricted pesticide rules remains elusive.

In 2015, the Washington State Department of Agriculture (WSDA) formed an industry stakeholder workgroup that included representation from the wheat, potato, wine and juice grape sectors; pesticide dealers and aerial applicators to review the regulations and provide input on simplifying them. According to Joel Kangiser, policy assistant in WSDA’s Pesticide Management Division, despite the good-faith efforts of the workgroup, consensus on several major issues remained out of reach. See more


POLICY

Progress Report

Construction in central Washington irrigation project continues to advance

June 2017
By Trista Crossley


While irrigators in the Odessa Subarea aren’t quite ready to cap off their irrigation wells yet, progress in the latest expansion of the 82-year-old Columbia Basin Project continues on schedule and under budget.

Mike Schwisow, director of government relations for the Columbia Basin Development League, a nonprofit group that advocates for development of the Columbia Basin Project, said there’s about a year of work left on the East Low Canal, which is the backbone of the Odessa Groundwater Replacement Program (OGWRP). The East Low Canal will bring Columbia River water from Banks Lake to approximately 87,700 acres in central Washington, replacing irrigation wells that currently rely on the declining Odessa Aquifer. The construction is being overseen by the East Columbia Basin Irrigation District (ECBID) and has been primarily funded by a 2013 $26 million Washington State Department of Ecology grant. Initial estimates by the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation) put the cost of the completed canal work at more than $58 million; actual costs are less than half that at just more than $28 million. See more


FARMER'S TOOLBOX

Managing the time, costs of farm labor

May 217
By Trista Crossley


Editor’s note: This topic was presented in both Airway Heights and Walla Walla, Wash. This article covers the workshop in Airway Heights.

The Agricultural Marketing and Management Organization wrapped up its 2017 winter series in February with a workshop on labor management, including wages, overtime laws and worker protection standards.

Paul Neiffer, a principal with CliftonLarsonAllen, kicked off the day by discussing changes in minimum wages and sick leave rules that could affect Washington farmers. In 2017, the Washington minimum wage was set at $11 per hour. By 2020, the minimum wage will have increased to $13.50 per hour. Employees under 16 years of age are to be paid at $9.35 per hour in 2017, increasing to $11.48 per hour in 2020. While there are certain ag positions that are not required to be paid minimum wage, such as temporary harvesters, Neiffer said that due to a shortage of laborers, employers are finding that they have to pay more to attract enough workers. See more


FARMER'S TOOLBOX

Students join falling numbers discussion

Liberty High School FFA team tackles issue for state competition

May 2017
By Trista Crossley


Still confused about preharvest sprout? Alpha-amylase? The Hagberg-Perten test? Give the Liberty High School FFA Ag Issues team about 14 minutes, and they’ll unscramble falling numbers for you while debating the merits of testing for this quality issue.

The seven members of the ag issues team have been working on their presentation since September, interviewing farmers and industry representatives up and down the grain chain to understand falling numbers, the testing method and what the test results mean. They’ve invested hours of research and attended meetings where falling numbers was being discussed. They’ve also practiced their presentation in front of different audiences, refining their talking points and polishing their delivery. All that work is in preparation for the 87th Washington FFA Convention May 11-13 in Pullman, Wash., where the Liberty FFA group will go head to head with other high school teams during the Agricultural Issues Forum that is part of the convention’s leadership development events. See more


POLICY

Getting to know Hilary Franz

Fires, rural economies top new commissioner's list of priorities

April 2017

In November, Hilary Franz was elected as the next commissioner of public lands. Previously, she served as the executive director of Futurewise, a statewide environmental conservation organization. She has also served as a Bainbridge Island City councilmember and on numerous conservation, management and economic development boards. She was appointed by Gov. Christine Gregoire to the Washington state’s Climate Action Team IWG on the State Environmental Policy Act. As a lawyer, she has represented local governments, nonprofit organizations and citizen groups on land use and environmental law issues. Franz graduated from Smith College and the Northeastern University School of Law. The new commissioner agreed to answer some questions from Wheat Life regarding her new position and priorities and how the Washington State Department of Natural Resources (DNR) manages leases on state lands. See more


POLICY

Forecasting ag policy, yield factors

April 2017
By Trista Crossley


This winter, two topics have dominated many of Eastern Washington’s news outlets. First, of course, was the weather (Wind! Cold! Snow! More snow! More wind!), and second was the election and what it might mean for agriculture. Both of those topics came together in February thanks to the Agricultural Marketing and Management Organization.

Whether the weather

Dr. Elwynn Taylor, an Extension agronomist and climatologist from Iowa State University, tackled how growing conditions affect yields, and the importance of plotting yield data to understand volatility for crop insurance purposes.

Taylor recommended growers view a climate graph of their nearest city at yourweatherservice.com that shows average temperatures and precipitation by month. Using graphs from Spokane, Pullman and Connell, he pointed out the on-average 25 degree difference between daytime and nighttime temperatures at those locations. See more


FARMER'S TOOLBOX

A HUNGRY HORDE

Farmers in Asotin County search for solutions to elk problems

April 2017
By Trista Crossley


For most Eastern Washington wheat farmers, the pests they have to worry about tend to be small, if not microscopic. For farmers in Asotin County, those pests are coming in on four legs, weighing hundreds of pounds, and the options for dealing with them are limited.

Elk aren’t new to the Cloverland and Anatone ridge areas of Asotin County; they’ve been in the Blue Mountains for decades, and farmers occasionally had problems with them, especially in fields near timber. But for the past six or seven years, farmers have had groups numbering in the hundreds moving through their land and fences, trampling plants and eating acres of canola and other rotational crops. The Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW) is the state agency that manages the area’s elk herd and works with farmers when the animals cause problems. Growers say most local WDFW employees understand the issue and are trying to work with them, but frustration levels are rising, and the growers feel not enough is being done.

“They (the local WDFW employees) want to help, I think for the most part, but sometimes the system moves pretty slowly. That’s where frustration comes in,” explained Bruce Petty, a wheat farmer whose family has farmed on Cloverland for more than 130 years. “It’s hard to relate to folks that have never had to deal with this situation what a detriment it is. If you had a raccoon or a rat infestation, you’d call an exterminator or get traps and take care of them. In this scenario, we don’t have that option. When it’s your livelihood, it’s hard not to take it personally and get wound up.” See more


WDFW's response to the elk problem in Asotin County

April 2017
By Trista Crossley


While Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife’s (WDFW) Stephen Pozzanghera acknowledges there are conflicts between elk and landowners in Asotin County, he describes it as a distribution problem, rather than a population problem.

“If you think about the Blue Mountains as an overall ecosystem, I think what you’ll hear from a population standpoint is that we like where the Blue Mountain herd is as a whole. What we have in the Cloverland area is a distribution problem. We know that elk are not scattered across the landscape evenly, so because of landowners in ag businesses and attractive crops close to both the wildlife area and the U.S. Forest Service’s National Forest, we have a distribution problem,” he said, adding that the distribution problem was made worse this winter by significant snow depths that pushed elk onto private land. See more


MARKETING

Around the world markets

AMMO workshop mixes economic grain outlook with marketing advice

March 2017
By Trista Crossley


What do you get when you mix a world economic grain outlook with marketing information? For attendees at the Agricultural Marketing and Management Organization’s second workshop of 2017, they walked away with a clear-eyed view of the current global wheat situation and how to determine whether an offered price is fair under current market conditions.

Mike Krueger, founder and president of The Money Farm, a grain marketing advisory service located in Fargo, N.D., covered the world production vs. demand portion of the workshop. He told the audience that while he thought the market had hit bottom for the year, there probably wasn’t much of an upside in the short run.

Randy Fortenbery, the Thomas B. Mick Endowed Chair in the School of Economic Sciences at Washington State University, talked about how producers should assess their price risk and use current and historical market information to start thinking about whether it’s a good time to consider a sale or not. See more


RESEARCH

Just the facts

AMMO workshop serves as a one-stop-learning shop for falling number issue

March 2017
By Trista Crossley


Harvest may be long over, but discussions about quality issues that plagued the 2016 crop haven’t fallen silent.

The Agricultural Marketing and Management Organization (AMMO) tackled falling numbers—causes, testing and impacts on flour quality and marketing—in its first workshop of 2017 last month. Using experts from several different fields, the session served as a one-stop shop for all things falling numbers (FN). See more


FARMER'S TOOLBOX

Rules of the road

March 2017

Editor’s Note: This is only a partial listing of the rules and regulations governing agricultural and commercial vehicles. For more information, readers can search the Washington Administrative Code (WAC) at apps.leg.wa.gov/WAC/ or contact their local port of entry. The Washington State Patrol has published several brochures related to commercial vehicles and farm:

WSP Ag Rules Brochure
WSP Vehicle Guide
WSP Farm Implement Brochure


With snow-covered fields and most large farming equipment tucked away for the winter, it might seem like a strange time to discuss some of the Washington State Patrol (WSP) transportation guidelines farmers need to be aware of. But before you know it, summer will be here with harvest just around the corner and making sure you and your drivers comply with the rules of the road is one thing you can check off your harvest to-do list early.

We asked Linda Powell, a WSP commercial vehicle enforcement officer for more than 27 years, to answer some questions for Wheat Life. Powell currently oversees the two ports of entry on the west side of the state and is the facilities coordinator for the 53 scales and weigh sites throughout the state. Prior to working for the WSP, she was a commercial vehicle owner/operator for five years. See more